The Diversity, Multicultural, and International Interest Area is dedicated to exploring the intersections of type with social identities. We want to expand the discussion of “diversity” and “culture” beyond differences in type, gender, and national origin to include race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, and class. To be effective type practitioners we need to increase our understanding of our own social identities and how diversity of all kinds affects the expression of type.4 bulleted topics that are key to this IA:

1.Diversity within the type community
2.Using the MBTI in domestic and international multicultural settings
3.Type and cultural expressions
4.Type practitioner issues: awareness of bias and stereotypes


APTi’s Diversity, Multicultural, and International Interest Area Consultants:

Laurie B. Lippin, Ph.D. is a passionate presenter whose commitment to diversity inspires all who work with her. She is a founding partner of Equity Action, LLC and teaches at the University of California, Davis. , As a soulful accordionist with the HarmoniaSchvesters she plays her own ethnic Yiddish music. In addition to her work with clients, Laurie is a frequent conference presenter where her keynotes and seminars are enthusiastically received. Laurie believes we need to work as individuals and in coalitions to bring needed societal changes and equity for all.

Laurie is co-author of the popular text: UnRaveling Whiteness (Kendall-Hunt, 2009), which is used extensively in Equity Action’s diversity offerings. She has been involved in diversity work for most of her adult life, but only in the last 20 years did she begin to interrogate her own whiteness, and through that, her own Jewessness. Her collaboration with Judy Helfand for the original 2001 publication of Understanding Whiteness/Unraveling Racism was the result of many years of participation in a women’s whiteness group and then community offerings of workshops on the topic. The goal of her diversity commitment is the elimination of racism in our lifetime. She believes that we will not end racism until white people are just as committed to ending it as are people of color. AND, when that happens, we will remove some existing barriers to a truly multicultural society.

Laurie served for 15 years on the training faculty of the Association of Psychological Type International, and currently delivers Myers Briggs Type Indicator® (MBTI®) certification trainings for Psychometrics Canada. The MBTI® is a cornerstone of Equity Action’s teambuilding practice. She is a graduate of the Newfield Network, and Organizational and Relationship Systems Coaching schools and offers executive, relationship, and diversity coaching to Equity Action clients.

Danielle Poirier was born of French-Canadian unilingual parents and raised in an English-Canadian environment. Her experience of being a representative of a minority culture has partly shaped her understanding of the world. But being dually identified, having both a very definite French-Canadian identity intent on defending her fragile heritage AND a Canadian identity just as intent on protecting a country profoundly divided by its two cultures, has given her a very special understanding of what it means to have a cultural identity.

If culture is to humans as fish is to water, then Danielle is the kind of fish that has experienced both salt and fresh water life. There are parts of one identity that are invariably threatened by parts of her other identities. The inner self often mirrors the outer reality.

Tis no wonder then that she invests much in finding ways to bridge gaps between people, cultures and nations.

She facilitates MBTI TM qualifying workshops in French Canada, and has authored The Magnificent 16. She presently works in Montreal as a trainer and consultant.

Resources Relating to Multicultural & International Issues in Type:

Bulletin Articles

Information Sources from Our International World of Type by Jamelyn Johnson – Vol. 31 No. 3 (2008) (available online)

Cross-Cultural Conflict of Asians in the US: Application of the MBTI in a Multicultural Environment,” Psychological Type and Culture–East and West: A Multicultural Research Symposium-Proceedings, 1998, CAPT, 1998.

Examining Type Bias and Inclusivity: Lessons From Ethnic Identity Viewpoints- by Jean Kummerow, Journal of Psychological Type, 56, 6-9

Are We Really Appreciating Difference? Themes for a more responsible participation in a multicultural world by.- Laurie Lippin, Vol. 31, No. 3 (2008)
New Directions, Priorities, and Leadership by Laurie Lippin and Stephanie Puentes, Vol. 33, No 2 (2010)


Because we all need education about diversity and multicultural realities, some of the following references contribute to raising our level of awareness. Not all of them speak directly to the intersection of diversity and type…that is our work to do.

“The Ethnic Myth” by Stephen Steinberg
“A Different Mirror” by Ronal Takaki
“Riding the Waves of Culture” by Fons Trompenaars
“Identifying Race and Transforming Whiteness in the Classroom” Edited by Virginia Lea and Judy Helfand
“Leadership, Type and Culture” Edited by Charles Ginn, Ph.D.
“Communicating Across Cultures” by Stella Ting-Toomey
“Basic Concepts of Intercultural Communication” Edited by Milton J. Bennett
“Unraveling Whiteness” by July Helfand and Laurie B. Lippin, Ph.D.
“Microaggressions in Everyday Life” by Derald Wing Sue

Highlighted Research

Research reported at:

1. Multicultural and International Issues: Multicultural and International Issues in Type. Pre-conference Symposium at APTi XVIII, Dallas, TX 2009

2. Psychological Type and Culture Symposium, Honolulu, HI 2008, http://typeandculture.org

3. CAPT website http://www.capt.org/research/MBTI-bibliography-search.htm Input search criteria: diversity, culture, multicultural for a list of over 400 articles and papers.